Asalam o alay kum
Why we have Jahri (recite loudly) namaz rakat, and quite (receite in heart) namz
Can we understand the reason behind it, appreciate your update on this.
أعوذ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم
بِسْمِ ٱللَّٰهِ ٱلرَّحْمَٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
As Salaamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh,
We hope this answer reaches you in good health and Islamic spirit.
Based on your specific question and information provided.
The question is regarding the Islamic law. In general, in the case of Obligatory acts like Salah or the difference in rakah. It is not necessary to have a logical or rational explanation, why we pray salah or why two rakah or why four rakah. Jurists is capable of ascertaining laws based on proof ( two fundamental sources are Qur’an , Sunnah of Muhammad al-Mustafa ( Peace be upon him and his pure progeny) transmitted to us through the infallible Imams(as). Taqlid mean If you are not a jurist, you should follow a jurist i.e. you should act according to the judgment (fatwa) of the jurist without demanding proof.
There is no Taqlid in Aqeeda ( Belief). In the issues of Fundamental / Principle / Doctrine of Faith ( Tawheed, Divine Justice, Prophethood, Imamat, day of Judgement) we need to have insight and our beliefs must be grounded in reason.
From the Jurisprudence perspective. (Taqlid)
A Muslim’s belief in the fundamentals of religion (uṣūl al‑dīn) must be based on personal insight [i.e. grounded in reason], and he cannot follow anyone in the fundamentals of religion; i.e. he cannot accept the word of someone who knows about the fundamentals of religion simply because that person says so.
However, in matters concerning the laws of religion – apart from those that are indispensable and indisputable [such as the obligation to perform prayers (ṣalāh)] – a person must either be a jurist (mujtahid)(1) who is capable of ascertaining laws based on proof; or he must follow a mujtahid [i.e. do taqlīd]; or he must exercise precaution (iḥtiyāṭ) by performing his duty in a way that he is certain to have fulfilled his responsibility (taklīf).
(Allah(awj) Knows best)
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