Hurain asked 1 month ago

Can we read ali un waliullah in namaz..

1 Answers
mehdi Staff answered 1 month ago

أعوذ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم

بِسْمِ ٱللَّٰهِ ٱلرَّحْمَٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

As Salaamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh,

Sayyid Al-Khoei:

والشهادة بولاية أمير المؤمنين (عليه السلام) مكملة للشهادة بالرسالة ومستحبة في نفسها وإن لم تكن جزءاً من الأذان ولا الإقامة.

السيد الخوئي

Approximate English Translation: “And the testimony in the mandate of the Commander of the Faithful (peace be upon him) is complementary to the testimony by the message and is desirable in itself, even if it is not part of the call to prayer or the iqaamah”.

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Sayyid Sistani:

 والشهادة لعليٍّ (عليه السلام) بالولاية وإمرة المؤمنين مكمّلة للشهادة بالرسالة ومستحبّة في نفسها وإن لم‏ تكن جزءاً من الأذان ولا الإقامة، وكذا الصلاة على محمَّد وآل محمَّد عند ذكر اسمه الشريف.

السيد السيستاني

Approximate English Translation: “the testimony to Ali (peace be upon him) as the guardianship and command of the believers is complementary to the testimony by the message and is desirable in itself, even if it is not part of the call to prayer or the iqaamah, as well as praying for Muhammad and the family of Muhammad when his honorable name is mentioned.”

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Your question, is one which is often asked due to concern in the Shia community due to different rulings, by different Scholars ( Jurists ). First confusion is the mixing of Principles / Fundamental / Roots of Faith ( Usul al-Din) and Branches of Faith ( Furu al-Din)Islamic acts.  Second,  public debate is on “if it is a part or not”, which in reality a Jurisprudence matter ( Ijtihad / Technicality) and not a matter of  Principles / Fundamental / Roots of Faith ( Usul al-Din). In making decisions on  Islamic acts ( apart from those that are indispensable and indisputable)i.e matter involving Taqlid. Some Scholars may take a Tradition/Hadith based on their methodology or some other secondary evidence and other Scholars, may not or many other variables might be involved in the decision making process. As with any Science, Hadith Science, it is a work in progress. Mukallaf of Sayyid Al-Khoei or Sayyid Al-Sistani,  should recite it without been concerned with the technical aspect of it (which is a matter of debate between Scholars). In this particular case,  the clause of (Even if it is not وإن لم تكن).  In summary, as the concept of Taqlid states –  if you are a Scholar /Jurist / Mujtahid should follow your own Ijtihad or if you are a Mukallaf should follow your Scholar / Jurist / Marji or must exercise precaution (iḥtiyāṭ). An example of exercising precaution [is as follows]: if a group of mujtahids consider an act obligatory (wājib) and another group consider it recommended (mustaḥabb), the person must perform it.

Principles / Fundamental / Roots of Faith ( Usul al-Din). Ash hadu anna Amiral Muminina’Aliyyan Waliyyullah (i.e. I testify that the Commander of the Faithful Imam Ali (Peace be on him) is the vicegerent of Allah)Imamat / Waliya / The Divine Leadership is part of our Principles / Fundamental / Roots of Faith ( Usul al-Din). It is necessary for a Muslim to believe in the fundamentals of faith( Usul al-Din) on the basis of proof and he cannot follow anyone in this respect . (Taqlid is Haram ( Forbidden) in Usul al- Din).

Branches of Faith ( Furu al-Din). It is Mustahib (Recommanded) act according to  Sayyid Al- Khoei and Sayyid Al-Khoei regarding Mentioning the name of our Master (Mawla)  Amir al-Mu’minin, Imam al-Muttaqeen ‘Ali Ibn Abi Talib (عليه السلام). Ash hadu anna Amiral Muminina’Aliyyan Waliyyullah (i.e. I testify that the Commander of the Faithful Imam Ali (Peace be on him) is the vicegerent of Allah) which is a matter of Ijtihad in Islamic Acts. As with any matter in Islamic acts (  apart from those that are indispensable and indisputable ), Scholars Ijtihad is involved and this results in diverse opinion(s).

A Mujtahid is a jurist competent enough to deduce precise inferences regarding the commandments from the holy Qur’an and the Sunnah of the holy Prophet by the process of Ijtihad.

Ijtihad literally means striving and exerting. Technically as a term of jurisprudence it signifies the application by a jurist of all his faculties to the consideration of the authorities of law with a view to find out what in all probability is the law. In other words, Ijtihad means making deductions in matters of law in the cases to which no express text is applicable.

 

والله العالم
(and Allah(awj) Knows best)
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